Veteran Bollywood actor Dilip Kumar, shown here in 2008, died in a Mumbai hospital on Wednesday after a long illness. He was 98 years old.

Gurinder Osan / AP

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Gurinder Osan / AP

Veteran Bollywood actor Dilip Kumar, shown here in 2008, died in a Mumbai hospital on Wednesday after a long illness. He was 98 years old.

Gurinder Osan / AP

NEW DELHI – Bollywood icon Dilip Kumar, hailed as the “king of tragedy” and one of Hindi cinema’s greatest actors, died in a Mumbai hospital on Wednesday after a long illness. He was 98 years old.

The title “Tragedy King” came from Kumar’s many serious roles. In several, his character died as a frustrated lover and a drunkard. He was also known as the only actor in the Bollywood Method for his expressive performances identifying a character’s emotions.

Kumar was hospitalized twice last month after complaining of shortness of breath, and his family tweeted “with heavy hearts and deep sorrow” the news of his death.

“Dilip Kumar will be remembered as a film legend. He was endowed with an unprecedented brilliance, thanks to which audiences of all generations were captivated. His passing is a loss to our cultural world,” said the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a tweet.

“An institution has disappeared,” tweeted Bollywood superstar Amitabh Bachchan. “Whenever the history of Indian cinema is written, it will always be ‘before Dilip Kumar, and after Dilip Kumar’ ..”

Kumar’s body, draped in the Indian flag, was treated to a state funeral led by a police band. He was buried in a Muslim cemetery in the city of Mumbai.

Big Bollywood stars including Shah Rukh Khan visited Kumar’s residence to pay tribute to him.

“It’s the end of an era,” said filmmaker Madhur Bhandarkar.

Kumar was born Muhammad Yusuf Khan, a Muslim, on December 11, 1922. His Pathan family was from Peshawar, in what became Pakistan after partition, and he visited his ancestral home in the late 1980s.

Kumar was also very popular among moviegoers in Pakistan. In 1998, he received the “Nishan-e-Imtiaz”, Pakistan’s highest civilian honor, becoming the only Indian citizen to receive it.

Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said he was saddened to learn of Kumar’s death. “For my generation, Dilip Kumar was the tallest and most versatile actor,” he tweeted.

Khan also recalled Kumar’s generosity in helping to raise funds in Pakistan and London for a trust to establish cancer hospitals in memory of his mother.

It changed its name when it made its debut in Bollywood, the Hindi film industry centered in Mumbai, with “Jwar Bhata” or “Sea Tides” in 1944.

Kumar’s career spanned over six decades with over 60 films. His first big box office hits were “Jugnu” or “Firefly”, in 1947, in which he starred alongside Noor Jehan, and the 1948 film “Shaheed” or “Martyr”.

He played a variety of characters – a romantic hero in “Andaz”, a swashbuckler in “Aan”, a dramatic drunkard in “Devdas”, a comedic role in “Azaad”. But his portrayal of a Muslim prince in the historic epic “Mughal-e-Azam” cemented his popularity among the masses and catapulted Indian cinema onto the world stage.

Mehboob Khan’s 1952 blockbuster “Aan” was his first Technicolor film and was part of a series of light roles he played at the suggestion of his psychiatrist to shed his “Tragedy King” image.

He starred in many social drama films like “Footpath”, “Naya Daur” (“New Era”), “Musafir” (“Traveler”) and “Paigham” (“Message”) in the 1950s.

Her top female co-stars included Madhubala, Nargis, Nimmi, Meena Kumari, Kamini Kaushal and Vyjanthimala.

In 1966, Dilip Kumar married Saira Banu, who was 22 years younger than him, and the couple starred in “Gopi”, “Sagina Mahato” and “Bairaag”. They did not have children.

In 1961 he produced and starred in “Ganga Jamuna” in which he and his brother Nasir Khan played the title roles. It is the only film he has produced. Indian media say he turned down the role of Sherif Ali in David Lean’s “Lawrence of Arabia” in 1962. The role went to Egyptian actor Omar Sharif.

He took a hiatus in the late 1970s but returned with a character role in the hit movie “Kranti” or “Revolution” in 1981. He went on to play key roles in films such as “Shakti” , “Karma” and “Saudagar”. His last film was “Qila” (“Fort”) in 1998.

In 1994 he received the “Dadasaheb Phalke” award, the highest honor for contributions to Indian cinema. He also served in the upper house of the Indian Parliament after being appointed for a six-year term.

Kumar is survived by his wife, actress Saira Banu.

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